Sunday, April 20, 2014

Time Scale - BC, AD, Decade, Century, Millennium, Age, Epoch, Era, and Eon

What do the terms B.C. and A.D. mean?

Source from: RCG
B.C. is an abbreviation for “Before Christ.” A.D. is an abbreviation for “anno Domini,” which is Latin for “in the year of our Lord.”
B.C. and A.D. are commonly used to count years in time. Jesus Christ’s birth is used as a starting point to count years that existed before (B.C.) and after (A.D.) He was born. For example, the year 532 B.C. refers to the time 532 years before A.D. 1, when Christ was assumed to have been born.Dionysius Exiguus, a monk, invented the B.C./A.D. method during the Middle Ages, early in the sixth century. Commissioned by the pope, he did this to determine the correct date for Easter. His counting method determined Christ’s birth to be the year A.D. 1. However, Jesus was actually born a few years earlier, in the year 4 B.C.
It is well established that the sacred calendar, generally known as the Hebrew calendar, began in 3,761 B.C. It is based on 12 and 13-month years and 19-year time cycles, as explained in our booklet The Truth About God’s Calendar.
Some chronologists, geologists and anthropologists object to time being anchored to any kind of Christian or religious benchmark. Instead of using the term A.D. they prefer to use the phrase “Common Era,” abbreviated “C.E.” Likewise, in place of B.C., which refers to the time “Before Christ,” they favor labeling that era “B.C.E.,” meaning “Before the Common Era.” Thus, C.E. is generally equivalent to A.D. and B.C.E. is generally equivalent to B.C.

Time Measurement Scale:Source from: Yahoo Answer
  • second
  • minute (60 seconds)
  • hour (60 minutes)
  • day (24 hours)
  • month (about 30 days)
  • year (a little more than 365 days)
  • decade (10 years)
  • century (100 years)
  • millennium (1000 years)
According to the ICS timescale, time divisions are as follows:
  • Age (1 million years, 1000 Millennia).
  • Epoch (10 million years, 10 Ages).
  • Era (100 million years, 10 Epochs).
  • Eon (500 million years, 5 Eras.
But, the ICS timescale does not use lustrum, decades, centuries or millennia. Calendar subdivisions use them and according to it, nothing follows millennium. Anything longer than 1 millennium is just referred to as Millennia (Plural form of Millennium).

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Truth about Incense Stick/Cone and Oils

Truth about Incense Stick/Cone
The most important part of this topic is that smoke is bad. The preparation especially those found in most brands might contain substance that is bad for you. Thus making your own might be best. Be sure that the room has sufficient air ventilation and don't just keep burning and smell this stuff. Its meant to be used when needed either for meditation, purification, aroma therapy and etc. Moderation, proper usage and ingredients is the key.This also applies to fragment oils which in my opinion can contain more damaging substance. Read and understand the ingredients first. Essential oil seems to be better then fragrance oils.

Aromachology and Aromatherapy Definitions
Aromachology:  The science of the effect of scent on mood and behavior (Psychology of Scent). Aromachology is the use of specific essential oils to enhance the psychological or aesthetic sense of well-being. Some of the benefits include relaxation, reduction of stress, improvement of work performance, elevation of moods, reduction in depression, stimulation of memory and alertness, and enhancement of self-image and sexuality.

Aromatherapy:  The use of extracted plant essential oils derived from the flowers, leaves, roots, resins, or bark for psychological and physical well-being. Inhalation, using methods such as diffusion, is the most common method of enjoying the benefits of essential oils. Our sense of smell is able to process up to 100,000 different smells. Certain aromas do help us to feel better and feeling better can have a tremendous therapeutic influence on stress related emotional and psychological symptoms.

Aromachology Uses:  The use of fragrance can benefit us in many ways. For example, psychologists often use aroma to retrieve forgotten memories, since our olfactory sense, our sense of smell, is the strongest memory trigger we have. We can use aromas to improve our everyday life, too. One aroma may, in fact, have several benefits. Recent studies from the Olfactory Research Fund, an independent, tax-exempt, charitable organization, have revealed some of following aromachology benefits and uses.

Tip #1 – Go Organic and All Natural

Source from: Organic Soul
Like any other business, incense manufactures have the choice of ingredients, and because of incense’s basic design, you can actually go organic and natural. Rather than choose a generic incense provider, look for one that commits to all natural ingredients. Fred Soll’s Incense, for example, uses natural resin from pines, amber, Boswellia Thurifera trees (frankincense), and myrrh.

Likewise, choose a company that only uses ingredients naturally arising from nature. Mereville Trust incense promises, “each fragrance is created from flowers, fruits, leaves, stalks, woods, roots, and resins that are harvested in accord with biodynamic principles in an environment of traditional organic agriculture, sustainable living, happiness in the workplace, and fair trade.” Sounds like the perfect fit!

Tip #2 – Get proper ventilation

Even if you’ve got a great incense provider, keep in mind that whatever you burn, no matter how pure, is going to release particulates into the air. The first easy way around this, though, is to keep everything properly ventilated – no smoke filled rooms! Crack a window or periodically move the incense around. This will help you healthy and make sure the whole house smells great!

Tip #3 – Try a negative ion generator

Negative ion generators, like a Himalayan salt lamp, have been known to remove hazardous particulates like those released by incense for many years. They can also take out pollen, animal dander, bacteria, mold, and a whole host of other air particulates. The negative ions will seek out the positive particulates, clusters around them, and drop them to the floor. There, next time you sweep or vacuum you’ll pick them right up!

Tip #4 – Get an air purifier

If you’re uncertain about the negative ion generator, simply go with an air purifier. There are a lot of great brands out there, but what you’re really looking for is the HEPA filter. HEPA filters are incredibly strong, picking up particulates three tenths of a micron in size. Not only will this help with your incense problem, but also with the other air pollutants around your home. With this, you’ll be able to enjoy the scent of your incense without the fear of pollutants!

Making Incense Sticks
This video demonstrates a simple method for making your own incense sticks. Use two parts of something called DPG (dipropylene glycol), to one part FO (fragrance oil). If you google DPGF ( fragrance grade) you can find several sources. The FO's are scents available from many candle and/or soap supply companies.

How to Make Cone Incense
Learn how to make cone incense. It's a fun and easy way to to make incense without the harmful chemicals. It shows you how to make it with an incense making kit from Mountain Rose Herbs. This video demonstrates Kapala incense.

How to Make Incense cones
This video is about how to make your own Incense cones. This is the only craft that you will need a specific ingredient. The ingredient you must have is Makko powder

How to Make Incense Sticks : Drying Process for Making Incense Sticks
Learn tips on health concerns when using incense and more in this free arts and crafts video taught by an expert craftsman. Expert: Husam-Iddin Osiruphu-El. Bio: Husam-Iddin Osiruphu-El is one of the owners of Modest Intentions, a clothing and accessory store located in Baltimore, Maryland. Filmmaker: Antar Hanif

How to Make Incense Sticks : Health Cautions for Incense Sticks

How to Make Incense Sticks : Health Benefits of Burning Incense

How to Make Incense Sticks : How to Dip Incense

How to Make Incense Sticks : Drying Process for Making Incense Sticks